287(g) programs allow state and local officers to act in the identification, arrest, and service of warrants and detainers of incarcerated aliens with criminal charges or convictions. This enables ICE to apprehend the alien in a controlled environment.
The U.S. Department of Justice has filed a lawsuit against the state of New Jersey over its prohibition on cooperation with ICE. Lawsuits were initially filed by two counties in New Jersey over a 2018 directive forbidding participation in ICE 287(g) agreements.
Legislation will be introduced in the Senate and House granting clear authority to law enforcement agencies to honor ICE detainers. This is largely motivated by the refusal of the sheriff in Mecklenburg County, NC to comply with requests to hold aliens in detention on behalf of ICE.
The ACLU intervened massively in the race for sheriff in Mecklenburg County, NC, in support of the candidate calling for an end to Mecklenburg's participation in the ICE 287(g) program, which enables the deportation of illegal aliens about to be released from prison.
At a September 26, 2019 press briefing, Acting ICE Director Matthew Albence debunked common myths perpetuated by opponents of ICE 287(g) programs, by which local law enforcement agencies detain alien criminals on behalf of ICE.
The New Jersey State government is demanding that sheriffs in Monmouth County and Cape May County discontinue cooperation with ICE, wherein information on criminals who are in the country illegally is turned over to federal immigration authorities.
The question of whether to continue cooperation with U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, by means of a 287(g) agreement signed in 2007, has become a central issue in the 2019 election race for Sheriff in Prince William County, Virginia.