The roles played by criminal individuals or organized groups in cross-border human smuggling and human trafficking activities.
U.S. government immigration officials testify before Congress that Mexican drug cartels are in complete control of human smuggling at the U.S. southern border. U.S. immigration policy incentivizes human smuggling similar to how narcotics trafficking is incentivized.
In testimony before a Senate committee, Customs and Border Protection Acting Commissioner Mark Morgan explained how Congressional refusal to fix immigration legislation is encouraging the trafficking of Mexican children to the United States.
Gregory Nevano, Assistant Director at ICE Homeland Security Investigations, describes the problems of human smuggling and trafficking at the southwestern border, which have intensified with the wave of migration from Central America.