This topic covers drug trafficking in the U.S, where it is conducted by Hispanic street gangs, whose ranks are bolstered by illegal immigrants, or by organizations connected with or operated by Mexican drug trafficking organizations.
Total apprehensions of known gang members by the U.S. Border Patrol have been following the pattern of illegal immigration at the southwest border. Approximately one of every thousand illegal aliens caught at the southwest border is recognized as a gang member.
Recent cartel turf wars in Tijuana are reviewed in order to suggest, by way of circumstantial evidence, that a new surge in gang violence in San Diego has resulted from an expansion of Mexican cartel wars northward into U.S. territory.
At a recent hearing held by the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the House Committee on Energy and Commerce, the role played by Mexican drug cartels in the fentanyl crisis was described by U.S. law enforcement officials.
Gregory Nevano, Assistant Director at ICE Homeland Security Investigations, describes the problems of human smuggling and trafficking at the southwestern border, which have intensified with the wave of migration from Central America.
On June 20, 2019, U.S. Border Patrol chief Carla Provost testified before the House Committee on Homeland Security on the importance of assistance provided to U.S. Border Patrol by deployments from the Department of Defense to the southern border.