Refugee resettlement non-profits and forced population transfers

On September 26, President Donald Trump published Executive Order 13888 Enhancing State and Local Involvement in Refugee Resettlement, in which he proclaimed:

I have consulted with the Secretary of State and determined that, with limited exceptions, the Federal Government, as an exercise of its broad discretion concerning refugee placement accorded to it by the Constitution and the Immigration and Nationality Act, should resettle refugees only in those jurisdictions in which both the State and local governments have consented to receive refugees under the Department of State's Reception and Placement Program (Program).

Note that consent is required at both the state and local level before refugee resettlement is allowed in any area. Voice of America reports that the new rules will take affect on June 1, 2020

Prior to that executive order, refugees were either reunited with family members or assigned a destination determined at a quarterly meeting between government officials and certain non-profit organizations. These groups invest in refugee resettlement in order to generate revenue in the form of donations — that's their business model. A non-profit organization doesn't pay dividends to shareholders, but it does have staff who are paid salaries. They generally place refugees in communities where the non-profits have offices and staff to service the new arrivals.

On November 27, Kansas became the seventh state to “opt in” to refugee resettlement, and Arizona has just become the eighth. Those two states were preceded by Pennsylvania, Virginia, and Washington state, New Hampshire, North Dakota and Utah.

The vengeance of the non-profits

Seeing that their very livelihoods were at stake, three leading refugee resettlement agencies reacted as if their very livelihoods were at stake. On November 21, HIAS, Church World Service, and Lutheran Immigration and Refugee Services filed suit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Maryland to prevent Trump's executive order from taking effect.

In their suit, they argue that the new rule violates federal law, which requires federal agencies to determine locations where refugees will be settled, leaving no room for state and local governments to veto such decisions.

HIAS President Mark Hetfield complains:

It was not that long ago that Jews and African-Americans were banned from living in certain neighborhoods and towns. We fought to end that discrimination and humiliation. Now the Trump Administration has issued an executive order which allows states and localities to ban resettled refugees? We won't tolerate such intolerance.

How dare the residents of States and Counties try to govern their own lives, families and property! We know what is best for everyone, just like … just like … just like Joseph Stalin knew what was best for everyone!

Population transfer in the Soviet Union

The following table is from the Wikipedia entry Population transfer in the Soviet Union, which discusses the forced transfer of approximately 20 million persons, starting in the 1930s and continuing to the 1950s, as ordered by Joseph Stalin. References for these figures are on that page.

Of course the difference between their situation and ours is that Stalin removed people involuntarily from their established homelands, while today's refugee resettlement non-profits want to force resettled persons on target communities.

Date of transfer Targeted group Approximate numbers Place of initial residence Transfer destination Stated reasons for transfer
April 1920 Cossacks, Terek Cossacks 45,000 North Caucasus Ukraine, northern Russian SFSR "Decossackization", stopping Russian colonisation of North Caucasus
1930–1931 Kulaks 1,679,528- 1,803,392 "Regions of total collectivization", most of Russian SFSR, Ukraine, other regions Northern Russian SFSR, Ural, Siberia, North Caucasus, Kazakh ASSR, Kirghiz ASSR Collectivization
1930–1937 Kulaks 15,000,000 "Regions of total collectivization", most of Russian SFSR, Ukraine, other regions Northern Russian SFSR, Ural, Siberia, North Caucasus, Kazakh ASSR, Kirghiz ASSR Collectivization
November–December 1932 Peasants 45,000 Krasnodar Krai (Russian SFSR) Northern Russia Sabotage
May 1933 People from Moscow and Leningrad who had been unable to obtain an internal passport 6,000 Moscow and Leningrad Nazino Island "cleanse Moscow, Leningrad and the other great urban centers of the USSR of superfluous elements not connected with production or administrative work, as well as kulaks, criminals, and other antisocial and socially dangerous elements."
February–May 1935; September 1941; 1942 Ingrian Finns 420,000 Leningrad Oblast, Karelia (Russian SFSR) Vologda Oblast, Western Siberia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Siberia, Astrakhan Oblast; Finland
February–March 1935 Germans, Poles 412,000 Central and western Ukraine Eastern Ukraine
May 1936 Germans, Poles 45,000 Border regions of Ukraine Ukraine
July 1937 Kurds 1,325 Border regions of Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan Kazakhstan, Kirghizia
September–October 1937 Koreans 172,000 Far East Northern Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan
September–October 1937 Chinese, Harbin Russians 9,000 Southern Far East Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan
1938 Persian Jews 6,000 Mary Province (Turkmenistan) Deserted areas of northern Turkmenistan
January 1938 Azeris, Persians, Kurds, Assyrians 6,000 Azerbaijan Kazakhstan Iranian citizenship
January 1940 – 1941 Poles, Jews, Ukrainians (including refugees from Poland) 320,000 Western Ukraine, western Byelorussia Northern Russian SFSR, Ural, Siberia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan
July 1940 to 1953 Estonians, Lithuanians & Latvians 203,590 Baltic states Siberia and Altai Krai (Russian SFSR)
September 1941 – March 1942 Germans 855,674 Povolzhye, the Caucasus, Crimea, Ukraine, Moscow, central Russian SFSR Kazakhstan, Siberia
August 1943 Karachais 69,267 Karachay–Cherkess AO, Stavropol Krai (Russian SFSR) Kazakhstan, Kirghizia, other Banditism, other
December 1943 Kalmyks 93,139 Kalmyk ASSR, (Russian SFSR) Kazakhstan, Siberia
February 1944 Chechens, Ingush 478,479 North Caucasus Kazakhstan, Kirghizia 1940-1944 insurgency in Chechnya
April 1944 Kurds, Azeris 3,000 Tbilisi (Georgia) Southern Georgia
May 1944 Balkars 37,406–40,900 North Caucasus Kazakhstan, Kirghizia
May 1944 Crimean Tatars 191,014 Crimea Uzbekistan
May–June 1944 Greeks, Bulgarians, Armenians, Turks 37,080
(9,620 Armenians, 12,040 Bulgarians, 15,040 Greeks)
Crimea Uzbekistan (?)
June 1944 Kabardins 2,000 Kabardino-Balkar ASSR, (Russian SFSR) Southern Kazakhstan Collaboration with the Nazis
July 1944 Russian True Orthodox Church members 1,000 Central Russian SFSR Siberia
November 1944 Meskhetian Turks, Kurds, Hamshenis, Pontic Greeks, Karapapaks, Lazes and other inhabitants of the border zone 115,000 Southwestern Georgia Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kirghizia
November 1944 – January 1945 Hungarians, Germans 30,000–40,000 Transcarpathian Ukraine Ural, Donbass, Byelorussia
January 1945 "Traitors and collaborators" 2,000 Mineralnye Vody (Russian SFSR) Tajikistan Collaboration with the Nazis
1944–1953 Families of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army 204,000 Western Ukraine Siberia
1944–1953 Poles 1,240,000 Kresy region postwar Poland Removal of indigenous population from the new territory acquired by Soviet Union
1945–1950 Germans Tens of thousands Königsberg West or Middle Germany Removal of indigenous population from the new territory acquired by Soviet Union
1945–1951 Japanese, Koreans 400,000 Mostly from Sakhalin, Kuril Islands Siberia, Far East, North Korea, Japan Removal of indigenous population from the new territory acquired by Soviet Union
1948–1951 Azeris 100,000 Armenia Kura-Aras Lowland, Azerbaijan "Measures for resettlement of collective farm workers"
May–June 1949 Greeks, Armenians, Turks 57,680
(including 15,485 Dashnaks)
The Black Sea coast (Russian SFSR), South Caucasus Southern Kazakhstan Membership in the nationalist Dashnaktsutiun Party (Armenians), Greek or Turkish citizenship (Greeks), other
March 1951 Basmachis 2,795 Tajikistan Northern Kazakhstan
April 1951 Jehovah's Witnesses 8,576–9,500 Mostly from Moldavia and Ukraine Western Siberia Operation North
1920 to 1951 Total ~20,296,000