Refugee resettlement non-profits and forced population transfers
On September 26, President Donald Trump published Executive Order 13888 Enhancing State and Local Involvement in Refugee Resettlement, in which he proclaimed:
I have consulted with the Secretary of State and determined that, with limited exceptions, the Federal Government, as an exercise of its broad discretion concerning refugee placement accorded to it by the Constitution and the Immigration and Nationality Act, should resettle refugees only in those jurisdictions in which both the State and local governments have consented to receive refugees under the Department of State's Reception and Placement Program (Program).
Note that consent is required at both the state and local level before refugee resettlement is allowed in any area. Voice of America reports that the new rules will take affect on June 1, 2020
Prior to that executive order, refugees were either reunited with family members or assigned a destination determined at a quarterly meeting between government officials and certain non-profit organizations. These groups invest in refugee resettlement in order to generate revenue in the form of donations — that's their business model. A non-profit organization doesn't pay dividends to shareholders, but it does have staff who are paid salaries. They generally place refugees in communities where the non-profits have offices and staff to service the new arrivals.
On November 27, Kansas became the seventh state to “opt in” to refugee resettlement, and Arizona has just become the eighth. Those two states were preceded by Pennsylvania, Virginia, and Washington state, New Hampshire, North Dakota and Utah.
The vengeance of the non-profits
Seeing that their very livelihoods were at stake, three leading refugee resettlement agencies reacted as if their very livelihoods were at stake. On November 21, HIAS, Church World Service, and Lutheran Immigration and Refugee Services filed suit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Maryland to prevent Trump's executive order from taking effect.
In their suit, they argue that the new rule violates federal law, which requires federal agencies to determine locations where refugees will be settled, leaving no room for state and local governments to veto such decisions.
HIAS President Mark Hetfield complains:
It was not that long ago that Jews and African-Americans were banned from living in certain neighborhoods and towns. We fought to end that discrimination and humiliation. Now the Trump Administration has issued an executive order which allows states and localities to ban resettled refugees? We won't tolerate such intolerance.
How dare the residents of States and Counties try to govern their own lives, families and property! We know what is best for everyone, just like … just like … just like Joseph Stalin knew what was best for everyone!
Population transfer in the Soviet Union
The following table is from the Wikipedia entry Population transfer in the Soviet Union, which discusses the forced transfer of approximately 20 million persons, starting in the 1930s and continuing to the 1950s, as ordered by Joseph Stalin. References for these figures are on that page.
Of course the difference between their situation and ours is that Stalin removed people involuntarily from their established homelands, while today's refugee resettlement non-profits want to force resettled persons on target communities.
|Date of transfer||Targeted group||Approximate numbers||Place of initial residence||Transfer destination||Stated reasons for transfer|
|April 1920||Cossacks, Terek Cossacks||45,000||North Caucasus||Ukraine, northern Russian SFSR||"Decossackization", stopping Russian colonisation of North Caucasus|
|1930–1931||Kulaks||1,679,528- 1,803,392||"Regions of total collectivization", most of Russian SFSR, Ukraine, other regions||Northern Russian SFSR, Ural, Siberia, North Caucasus, Kazakh ASSR, Kirghiz ASSR||Collectivization|
|1930–1937||Kulaks||15,000,000||"Regions of total collectivization", most of Russian SFSR, Ukraine, other regions||Northern Russian SFSR, Ural, Siberia, North Caucasus, Kazakh ASSR, Kirghiz ASSR||Collectivization|
|November–December 1932||Peasants||45,000||Krasnodar Krai (Russian SFSR)||Northern Russia||Sabotage|
|May 1933||People from Moscow and Leningrad who had been unable to obtain an internal passport||6,000||Moscow and Leningrad||Nazino Island||"cleanse Moscow, Leningrad and the other great urban centers of the USSR of superfluous elements not connected with production or administrative work, as well as kulaks, criminals, and other antisocial and socially dangerous elements."|
|February–May 1935; September 1941; 1942||Ingrian Finns||420,000||Leningrad Oblast, Karelia (Russian SFSR)||Vologda Oblast, Western Siberia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Siberia, Astrakhan Oblast; Finland|
|February–March 1935||Germans, Poles||412,000||Central and western Ukraine||Eastern Ukraine|
|May 1936||Germans, Poles||45,000||Border regions of Ukraine||Ukraine|
|July 1937||Kurds||1,325||Border regions of Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan||Kazakhstan, Kirghizia|
|September–October 1937||Koreans||172,000||Far East||Northern Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan|
|September–October 1937||Chinese, Harbin Russians||9,000||Southern Far East||Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan|
|1938||Persian Jews||6,000||Mary Province (Turkmenistan)||Deserted areas of northern Turkmenistan|
|January 1938||Azeris, Persians, Kurds, Assyrians||6,000||Azerbaijan||Kazakhstan||Iranian citizenship|
|January 1940 – 1941||Poles, Jews, Ukrainians (including refugees from Poland)||320,000||Western Ukraine, western Byelorussia||Northern Russian SFSR, Ural, Siberia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan|
|July 1940 to 1953||Estonians, Lithuanians & Latvians||203,590||Baltic states||Siberia and Altai Krai (Russian SFSR)|
|September 1941 – March 1942||Germans||855,674||Povolzhye, the Caucasus, Crimea, Ukraine, Moscow, central Russian SFSR||Kazakhstan, Siberia|
|August 1943||Karachais||69,267||Karachay–Cherkess AO, Stavropol Krai (Russian SFSR)||Kazakhstan, Kirghizia, other||Banditism, other|
|December 1943||Kalmyks||93,139||Kalmyk ASSR, (Russian SFSR)||Kazakhstan, Siberia|
|February 1944||Chechens, Ingush||478,479||North Caucasus||Kazakhstan, Kirghizia||1940-1944 insurgency in Chechnya|
|April 1944||Kurds, Azeris||3,000||Tbilisi (Georgia)||Southern Georgia|
|May 1944||Balkars||37,406–40,900||North Caucasus||Kazakhstan, Kirghizia|
|May 1944||Crimean Tatars||191,014||Crimea||Uzbekistan|
|May–June 1944||Greeks, Bulgarians, Armenians, Turks||37,080
(9,620 Armenians, 12,040 Bulgarians, 15,040 Greeks)
|June 1944||Kabardins||2,000||Kabardino-Balkar ASSR, (Russian SFSR)||Southern Kazakhstan||Collaboration with the Nazis|
|July 1944||Russian True Orthodox Church members||1,000||Central Russian SFSR||Siberia|
|November 1944||Meskhetian Turks, Kurds, Hamshenis, Pontic Greeks, Karapapaks, Lazes and other inhabitants of the border zone||115,000||Southwestern Georgia||Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kirghizia|
|November 1944 – January 1945||Hungarians, Germans||30,000–40,000||Transcarpathian Ukraine||Ural, Donbass, Byelorussia|
|January 1945||"Traitors and collaborators"||2,000||Mineralnye Vody (Russian SFSR)||Tajikistan||Collaboration with the Nazis|
|1944–1953||Families of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army||204,000||Western Ukraine||Siberia|
|1944–1953||Poles||1,240,000||Kresy region||postwar Poland||Removal of indigenous population from the new territory acquired by Soviet Union|
|1945–1950||Germans||Tens of thousands||Königsberg||West or Middle Germany||Removal of indigenous population from the new territory acquired by Soviet Union|
|1945–1951||Japanese, Koreans||400,000||Mostly from Sakhalin, Kuril Islands||Siberia, Far East, North Korea, Japan||Removal of indigenous population from the new territory acquired by Soviet Union|
|1948–1951||Azeris||100,000||Armenia||Kura-Aras Lowland, Azerbaijan||"Measures for resettlement of collective farm workers"|
|May–June 1949||Greeks, Armenians, Turks||57,680
(including 15,485 Dashnaks)
|The Black Sea coast (Russian SFSR), South Caucasus||Southern Kazakhstan||Membership in the nationalist Dashnaktsutiun Party (Armenians), Greek or Turkish citizenship (Greeks), other|
|March 1951||Basmachis||2,795||Tajikistan||Northern Kazakhstan|
|April 1951||Jehovah's Witnesses||8,576–9,500||Mostly from Moldavia and Ukraine||Western Siberia||Operation North|
|1920 to 1951||Total||~20,296,000|